Cinematography is a function of the relationship between the camera lens and a light source, the focal length of the lens, the camera’s position and its capacity for motion.

cinematographer or director of photography is the person in charge of actually shooting the film. He is the head of the camera and lighting departments, and as such he has a big role in the making of any movie.

Equipments used for Cinematography:

A digital single-lens reflex camera(also called a digital SLR or DSLR) is a digital camera that combines the optics and the mechanisms of a single-lens reflex camera with a digital imaging sensor, as opposed to photographic film.

Jib Crane:

In cinematography, a jib is a boom device with a camera on one end, and a counterweight and camera controls on the other. It operates like a see-saw, but with the balance point located close to the counterweight, so that thecamera end of the arm can move through an extended arc.

Camera Stabilizer:

A camera stabilizer, orcamerastabilizing mountain, is a device designed to hold a camerain a manner that prevents or compensates for unwantedcamera movement, such as “camera shake”. For small hand-held cameras, a harness or contoured frame steadies thecamera against the photographer’s body.

Camera Slider:

Film and television cinematographers love sliding camera shots, is is become a standard device for television dramas and film makers. A professional sliding camera setup is expensive one which is used to slide a camera in order to capture a clip smoothly.