Cinematography is a function of the relationship between the camera lens and a light source, the focal length of the lens, the camera’s position and its capacity for motion.
A cinematographer or director of photography is the person in charge of actually shooting the film. He is the head of the camera and lighting departments, and as such he has a big role in the making of any movie.
Equipments used for Cinematography:
A digital single-lens reflex camera(also called a digital SLR or DSLR) is a digital camera that combines the optics and the mechanisms of a single-lens reflex camera with a digital imaging sensor, as opposed to photographic film.
In cinematography, a jib is a boom device with a camera on one end, and a counterweight and camera controls on the other. It operates like a see-saw, but with the balance point located close to the counterweight, so that thecamera end of the arm can move through an extended arc.
A camera stabilizer, orcamera–stabilizing mountain, is a device designed to hold a camerain a manner that prevents or compensates for unwantedcamera movement, such as “camera shake”. For small hand-held cameras, a harness or contoured frame steadies thecamera against the photographer’s body.
Film and television cinematographers love sliding camera shots, is is become a standard device for television dramas and film makers. A professional sliding camera setup is expensive one which is used to slide a camera in order to capture a clip smoothly.